In line with the objectives of the European Circular Economy policy and revised Waste Framework Directive 2018/851, we are now seeing an increasing number of Member States introduce 'eco-modulated' fees for packaging placed on their country markets and for which producers/importers of packaging or packaged products are responsible for recycling.
Under this eco-modulated fee approach, the recycling fees can be lower for packaging that is reusable and easier to recycle. Member States are also starting to develop other Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) regulations to include eco-modulated recycling fees for waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) and batteries which have a lower environmental impact at end-of-life.
In countries outside Europe which have implemented EPR regulations, we are now seeing eco-modulated recycling fees being introduced for packaging which is easier to recycle.
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